Aug 28 2022

Types of the most popular acids used for the daily skincare

Cosmetics with acids have long beaten all the charts for their use in skin care. Why is it so popular? What types of acids are there and how to choose the one that will provide you with the desired result? We will try to answer these questions as comprehensively as possible.

TYPES OF ACIDS

The popularity of serums, tonics, and creams containing various acids is due to the fact that our skin really loves it! They quite effectively fight against various types of skin imperfections. Such "popular" skin problems as acne, wrinkles, redness, age-related changes, and change in skin tone can be solved with the correct use of products with a sufficient content of necessary acids. Acids with an exfoliating and peeling effect include:

AHA - alpha hydroxy acids;
PHA - polyhydroxy acids;
BHA - beta hydroxy acids.

In general, they act as exfoliants and contribute to the exfoliation of the surface layer of the epidermis and activation of skin regeneration. In order to give the skin freshness, a healthy look, and shine, it is necessary that its cells are constantly renewed. And acid-exfoliants best contribute to this. 

Alpha Hydroxy Acid
This type includes lactic, malic, tartaric, hlycolic, mandelic, and citric acids. They are water-soluble and penetrate the skin only at the epidermis level. The permissible concentration of AHA in-home care should be up to 10% - more concentrated products should be used only under the supervision of professionals. And now more details about the most popular of them.

Lactic Acid 
How to get clear skin? Lactic acid is loved by almost every skin and will be suitable even for damaged and sensitive ones. It is best suited for young and problem-free skin, thoroughly and gently cleanses the skin, and promotes its regeneration. Many serums, tonics, and creams love it and it can be combined with other acids, for example, hyaluronic, salicylic, or glycolic.

Mandelic Acid 
It is suitable for any type of skin, including sensitive ones, because it is not absorbed as quickly as others. It is used to prevent acne, and fight wrinkles and pigmentation. It is also combined with other types of acids in cosmetic products.

Glycolic Acid 
One of the cheapest and most examinated acids in skin care routine order. Its molecules are smaller in size, penetrate deep into the epidermis layer and contribute to the exfoliation of dead skin cells. It is an excellent tool for fighting acne and other skin problems and has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects..

PHA (polyhydroxy acids)
Suitable for all skin types, including those prone to dryness and rosacea. Contribute to the renewal of skin cells and, accordingly, its rejuvenation, fight against the signs of photoaging. PHA, like AHA, is loved by many facial skin care products. They work best in creams and serums.

BHA (beta hydroxy acids)
They are the most popular in the care of oily facial skin and are included in many serums and lotions. Of all BHA in the beauty industry, you will most often encounter salicylic acid. Its optimal concentration in care products is approximately 0.5-2%, in professional cosmetology you can find products with a higher concentration of BHA.

Hyaluronic Acid
We are more than sure that people with skin prone to dryness (and not only) know almost everything about hyaluronic acid. It’s one of the most popular ingredients for skin and even hair care.Also, it’s supposed to be called a cream love. Almost every cream consists the hyaluronic acid because it’s a natural component of our skin. It helps to prevent dryness and skin sagging; tightens, and moisturizes it. As hyaluronic acid is made by the humans’ organism, it accepts it without any issues and that’s the reason why this acid is used in injection cosmetology as well.

Rules of using products containing acids
First, determine your skin type. This is the main rule because it’s quite important for achieving the desired results. If the skin type is incorrectly determined, it will be extremely difficult to choose the right products. Revision your skincare regurarly. Divide your care products into day and night, as cosmetologists do not recommend combining different types of acids at the same time. This can lead to dryness, irritation, and, consequently, deterioration of your skin. Stick to order of skin care routine, use peptides for skin. Don’t use AHAs with retinol, and salicylic acid with products containing niacinamide.And, to conclude, it’s better to consult with a specialist, who will select appropriate care for you. And, of course, read us carefully and stay perfect! 

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